Francois Andre Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795) was a French composer and chess player. He was the strongest chess master in the world throughout the second half of the 18th Century.
Legall de Kermeur (1702 – 1792) was the first in a line of French masters to dominate world chess. He was unbeatable for many years, only to be overtaken in his later years by his most famous student, Philidor.
Philipp Stamma (circa 1705 - circa 55) was a Syrian chess master and author. He lived and played mainly in England and France. He was one of the strongest players in the world behind only Philidor and Legall.
Gioachino Greco (1600 – 34) was an Italian chess master and writer. His great innovation was his introduction of tactical chess. He was quite adept at laying opening traps for his unsuspecting opponents. He was the first chess professional.
Giulio Cesare Polerio was an Italian chess master theoretician. He was born in Lanciano, Chieti, in the Abruzzo region of Italy.
Alessandro Salvio was an Italian chess master considered to be the unofficial World Champion from 1598 and 1620. He ran a chess academy in Naples. His analysis on chess openings and players of his era were widely used until the 1800s.
Paulo Boi was an Italian master widely recognized as the strongest player in the world after the death of Giovanni Leonardo. Born in Syracuse, Sicily in 1528, he was known as Il Bove or Il Siracusano.
Giovanni Leonardo da Cutri, born Giovanni Leonardo Di Bona was an Italian chess master. He was known by his nickname Il Puttino.
Ruy Lopez de Segura (circa 1530 - 80) was a medieval Spanish Bishop and the earliest unofficial World Champion. His chess books are among the earliest European literature on chess and some of his ideas still carry water today.
ECO Index E starts with the Catalan Openings Open and Closed in entries E00 to E09. From there right through to the end it belongs to the Indian Defenses. The Queen's Indian, Nimzo-Indian, Bogo-Indian and the King's Indian Defense.
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